Saturday, 30 September 2017

MUDRA : Asamyuta Hastas - Aish

BHARATANAYAM is a combination of BHAVA / ABINAYA (Expressions), MUDRA (Hand gestures), ADAVU (Leg tappings), TALA (Rhythmic beat) and MUSIC.

NATYA SHASTRA deeply describes the integral beauty of Dance in Sanskrit as; 

"YATO HASTA STATO DRISHTIHI" - Where the hand moves, the eyes follows
"YATO DRISHTIHI STATO MANAHA" - Where eyes move, the Mind follows
"YATO MANA STATO BHAVAHA" - Where the Mind is, there evolves the Feeling
"YATO BHAVAHA STATO RASAHA" - Where there is Feeling, there is Divine Appreciation (Aesthetic Bliss).


Hand gestures are essential in a classical dance as they for the part of expressing each tone of music. In Bharatanayam, Hand gestures are used both in NRITTA and NRITYA

Mudras are categorized as SAMYUTHA HASTAS (Double Hand gestures) and ASAMYUTHA HASTAS (Single Hand gestures).


Hand gestures expressed in one hand only, commonly known as EKA HASTA MUDRA. Let us have a look at how to perform these gestures and their representations.

1. PATAKA - Flag

Technique : All fingers together in an upright position.

Representation : Stop, River, Threatening, Bless, Month, Year, Taking Oath, Denial of objects, One's Self, Palm Leaf to write letters, Sleep.

2. TRIPATAKA - Three parts of flag

Technique : All the fingers in upright position with only the ring finger bent. 

Representation : A Crown, To apply Tilak, Flames of fire, An Arrow, A Tree.

3. ARDAPATAKA - Half flag 

Technique : All the fingers upright with both the Ring and Little fingers bent.

Representation : A knife, A Tower, Leaves, Both. 

4. KARTARIMUKHA - Scissors 


Technique : The forefinger and the middle finger are split with the little and the ring fingers pressed to the thumb. 

Representation : Scissors, Corner of an eye, Weeping, Creeper, Two different things, Lightning. 

5. MAYURA - Peacock

Technique : The ring finger bent to press the thumb while all other fingers are in upright position.

Representation : Peacock, Separating Hair locks, Applying Tilak,  Dispersing water, A Bird.


Technique : Perform Pataka Mudra but with the thumb separated from other fingers.

Representation : Half moon, Waist, Prayers, Hand seizing the Throat, Beginning.


Technique : The Fore finger is bent while all other fingers are upright like Pataka Mudra.

Representation : Drinking Nectar /Poison, Violent wind, Elephant's ears.

8. SHUKHATUNTA - Parrot Head

Technique : Perform Arala Mudra along with the ring finger bent. 

Representation : Shooting of a spear or an arrow, Way, Violent Mood.

9. MUSHTI - Closed fist 

Technique : The thumb holds all the palm the fingers closed together.

Representation : Combative position, Grasping objects. 


Technique : Perform Mushti mudra with only the thumb in upright position.

Representation : A Bow, A Pillar, Lips, Drinking, Act of Embracing, Manliness, What, Where.


Technique : Perform Shikhara Mudra with the fore finger bent to press the thumb.

Representation : Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Holding flowers, Holding Cymbals, Milking Cows, Pull Hair locks.  

12. KATAKAMUKHA MUDRA is represented in two different variations.

Variation (a) 

Technique : Bring the forefinger and middle finger down touching the thumb while the ring and little fingers are split in upright position.

Representation : Preparing a paste of Sandal, Holding garland or necklace, Plucking or picking or offering flowers, Pulling the bow string, Offering Beetle leaves.

Variation (b) 

Technique : Perform Kapitta Mudra with the middle finger bent and extended forward while the ring and little fingers are split in upright position.

Representation : Woman, Lord Krishna's Flute, Anklets, Goddess Lakshmi, Arrow, Ornaments, Garland, Flowers.

13. SUCHI 

Technique: The forefinger is upright while all other fingers are pressed to thumb.

Representation : The Supreme Soul, The World, Threatening, Number One, There, Here, Silence, A Needle, Astonishment, Slim, Lord Vishnu's Sudarshan Chakra.


Technique : Perform Suchi Mudra with the thumb also in upright position.

Representation : Worms, Sprouts, Baby birds.


Technique : Perform Shikhara Mudra with the forefinger held straight.

Representation : Crescent on Lord Shiva, Face, Drops of Water, Holy Ganges, Measurement from Forefinger till thumb.


Technique : All the fingers are split in upright position but brought closer without any touch to each other.

Representation : Fruits especially wood apples, Ball, Egg, Sweets, Flower buds slowly blooming, Keep small morsels of rice, Bunch of Flowers.

17. SARPASRISHA - Snake hood

Technique : All fingers in upright position but with their tips bent a little to form a hollowed palm.

Representation : Snake, Hissing sounds, Offering water, Moving to and fro, Arms of Wrestlers, Hand Power.


Technique : All three fingers bent straight and not too low with the thumb and little finger upright.

Representation : Lord Krishna's Flute, Massage on legs, Lad or Kid, Calling the beloved, Deer's Head. 

19. SIMHAMUKHA - Lion faced

Technique : Both the middle and ring fingers are bent and stretched to touch the thumb while the fore finger and little finger are in upright position.

Representation : Deer, Rabbit, Face of Lion, Cow, Homa (Fire sacrifice), Animal munching.


Technique : Perform Padmakosha Mudra with the ring finger bent to touch the palm inward. 

Representation : Beetle nut tree, Lhily flowers, Coconut, Bells and Ornaments, Lakuca (Asparagus) fruit.

21. ALAPADMA - Bloomed Lotus or Flower.

Technique : All the fingers fully stretched without any touch to each other as if questioning why?

Representation : Full Body, Bloomed Flower, Fruits, Show Beauty, Facial Express, Village or Town, Separation,  Circular Movement, Why.


Technique : Perform Mrigasrisha Mudra but with the thumb placed on the bases of the three fingers while the little finger is upright.

Representation : Small portions / quantities, Sweetness, Affection towards kids or beloved, Grief, Astonishment, Oil and Ghee, Differentiation.


Technique : Perform Katakamukha Mudra but with only the forefinger bent inward.

Representation : Bee sucking Nectar from Flowers, Birds, Wing, Anger in eyes.

24. HAMSASYE - Swan's Beak 

Technique : Place the forefinger on thumb stretched down while the other three fingers are split in upright position.

Representation : Tying Thread, Period or Time, Draw a Picture, Light a Lamp, Auspicious Occasion or Festival, Homa.


Technique : Perform Mrigasrisha Mudra but with the thumb touching the other three fingers.

Representation : Procrastination, Slowly, Kin, Fame, Listen.



Technique : Movement of fingers by opening and closing of all the fingers touching together.

Representation : Number five, Anxiety, Offerings to deities, Wound.

27. MUKULA - Bud

Technique : All the fingers touch together at their tips.

Representation : Flower or Bud, Eating, Navel, Holding


Technique : Perform Kapitta Mudra with the thumb touching all the other fingers when the forefinger alone is bent.

Representation : Bird's head especially Rooster or Hen, Knock on door, A Calf.

29. TRISHULA - "Tri" in Sanskrit is Three and "Shula" is Spear.

Technique : While the little finger is bent down to touch the thumb, all the other fingers are in upright position ; Just like depicting Three and showing the weapon "Trishula".  

Representation : Number Three, Applying Ash on forehead, Holy Bilva Leaf for Lord Shiva, Holy Trinity - Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva


Technique : All the fingers stretched, split and bent without touching each other, .with the palm facing upwards.

Representation : Fire, Ball, Snow flake, Lotus, Heat, Light.


Technique : Perform Oornanabha ; depicting the paws of a Tiger.

Representation : Tiger, Demon, Narasimha Avatar, Ferocious. 


Technique : Perform Simhamukha Mudra but with the middle and ring fingers not touching the thumb to form a 'C' shape.

Representation : Dumro (Drums) of Lord Shiva, Head of an Animal, A Bracelet.

Each and every Mudra is performed with the Adavu, Music and Abhinaya to form the wonderful Dance "Bharatanatyam", the Indian Classical art.

Monday, 18 September 2017

5 Steps to Manifest Anything in Life- Pri.

“Never let life impede on your ability to manifest your dreams. Dig deeper into your dreams and deeper into yourself and believe that anything is possible, and make it happen.” ~ Corin Nemec

Believe it or not, what we think and our beliefs directly influence the things that happen in our lives. In other words, we actually manifest our thoughts and dreams. Knowing yourself and the power you possess, would pave way for a stronger ability to live your dreams efficiently. Once your thoughts are clear, you trust yourself. And once you trust yourself, it will show in the actions you do, this will lead you to attain your goals. Humans, often under-estimate their powers to make possible the toughest of things on the planet. Everything is within you.
There are a few steps that could help you channelize your dreams into wonderful manifestations.


Be clear about what you want to manifest, have a clear vision without which it would be like chasing an illusion. Make a list if you want, or have a strong goal in mind that you want to reach. This step might seem very simple, but it can be as complicated as the other steps. Our minds are filled with thoughts, wishes, dreams and what not! Just sifting through it to get to the top priorities can be tiring, so take your time to understand yourself and know what you truly want right now. This calls for a lot of time with “Yourself”. 

“Clarity affords focus.” ~ Thomas Leonard

Thoughts/ Intend: 

Once you know what you want, you need to set your intention to achieve it. Think positive and trust your intention. Be firm and do not doubt your thoughts. Be ready to work hard to reach that goal. Some people use prayers as the tool to keep the intentions strong. Whatever is your way of keeping the thoughts alive, do it. 

“Once you make a decision, the universe conspires to make it happen.” ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson


Setting goals and intentions is not enough, these are like merely setting stage for your grand play. The real work is yet to start. Like you cannot learn swimming without getting inside water, you cannot make your intentions come true without doing the needful work. If your goal is to achieve good grades in your course; study. If your goal is to travel around the world; start with travelling to the next State. If your goal is to become a better person, start working on your flaws/ weaknesses. Most importantly, enjoy every step you take.

“Your positive action combined with positive thinking results in success.” ~ Shiv Khera


This is a very important step: self-analyze yourself and find where you are. Know where you are going right and wrong. Accept yourself with all the flaws and the ultimate point is, to be satisfied and happy with what you are doing. You might not be doing as well as you thought you would, or you might find obstacles along your path. This is the time you need to develop “Self-love” and embrace self-acceptance.

“I'm hard on myself, so I'm working on shifting perspective toward self-acceptance, with all my flaws and weaknesses.” ~ Gwyneth Paltrow


Trust your thoughts and actions fully, believe that you will achieve your goal. Do not let any negativity linger in your mind at all. Be open to receiving any information, ideas and opinions: in short, be receptive. Do not resist. This is the phase where you have done all that you can and you are waiting for the Universe to work its magic! 

“All the world is made of faith, and trust, and pixie dust.” ~ J.M. Barrie, Peter Pan

Enjoy your fruits of hard work, feel accomplished for converting your dreams into manifestations. Radiate your inner joy and peace!

Friday, 25 August 2017

Quick And Serene Side Dishes For Breakfast - Aish

Mostly in our homes, we tend to think more in making side dishes that taste good, easy and quick along with our main course like Idli / Dosa / Roti. Cooking a gravy or any vegetable dish will take some of our precious time, so why not try for a simple “chutney”- a sauce in the cuisines of India.

Food, Southindian, Indian, Cuisine

In Kitchens, chutneys are with onion zest, peanut puree, tangy tomato, mint mix and Coconut touch. Let us have a look at all these tasty flavors of chutney that are serene, quick and yummy.
                        CHATAPATA CHUTNEYS                                 
Relishing Recipes 10


Coconut, Coconuts, Exotic, Sweet


1.       1 cup of grated coconut
2.       ½ cup of fried grams
3.       1 or 2 green chilies
4.       Salt to taste
5.       Pinch of Hing (Asafetida)

For Seasoning:

In a pan, heat a teaspoon of oil with few mustards. After the mustard splatters, add few cumin, urad dal (split black gram) and curry leaves and set aside.


Blend all the ingredients into a paste by adding the required water to it. Depending upon the taste, required amount of salt and spice could be augmented.

Take the paste in a bowl and add the seasoning on to it. A classic coconut chutney is ready to taste!!

Relishing Recipes 11 

·         ZESTY ONION

Onion, Slice, Knife, Food, Ingredient


1.       2 or 3 Onions / 8 to 10 Onion shallots
2.       Small Tamarind pulp
3.       1 or 2 red chilies
4.       2 or 3 garlic cloves
5.       Pinch of salt and hing
6.       ½ teaspoon of Fenugreek seeds (optional)

For Seasoning:

In a pan, heat a teaspoon of oil with few mustards. After the mustard splatters, add few cumin, urad dal (split black gram) and curry leaves and set aside.


1.       Soak the tamarind pulp in water for few minutes.
2.       Dry roast the fenugreek seeds and keep aside the powder.
3.       Blend the onions, red chilies and garlic cloves with hing and salt and set the paste aside.
4.       In a pan, after adding the seasoning, heat the blended paste along with the extracted tamarind water from the pulp.
5.       Before turning down the stove add the fenugreek powder to the chutney.

Now ready to serve Onion Zest chutney on your meal!!

Relishing Recipes 12

·         TANGY TOMATO

Tomato, Cherry Tomato, Cut Tomato


1.       2 or 3 Tomatoes
2.       2 teaspoons coriander seeds (dhaniya)
3.       Pinch of salt and hing
4.       2 or 3 red chilies

For seasoning:

In a pan, heat a teaspoon of oil with few mustards. After the mustard splatters, add few cumin, urad dal (split black gram) and curry leaves and set aside.


1.       In a pan dry roast coriander seeds and keep aside.
2.       Also dry roast the red chilies in a pan.
3.       Take the tomatoes and sautΓ© them dry as a whole in a pan till the tomatoes are roasted well.
4.       Blend the roasted tomatoes, red chilies and coriander seeds along with hing and salt to make it a paste.

Take the blended paste in a bowl and add the seasoning on to it. Voila! Simple tangy Chutney ready!!

Relishing Recipes 13

·         MINT MIX

Herb, Mint, Food


1.       ½ bunch of Mint
2.       Small tamarind pulp
3.       Pinch of salt and hing
4.       2 or 3 garlic cloves
5.       1 teaspoon chana dal/Bengal gram
6.       ½ teaspoon turmeric powder
7.       2 or 3 green chilies

For seasoning:

In a pan, heat a teaspoon of oil with few mustards. After the mustard splatters, add few cumin, urad dal (split black gram) and curry leaves and set aside.


1.       In a pan, heat oil and saute the garlic cloves along with the well washed mint leaves, the tamarind pulp, green chilies and Bengal gram.
2.       Blend the ingredients into a paste and keep them aside.

In a bowl add the blended paste and the seasoning together to make a perfect mint mix, yummy to relish!

Relishing Recipes 14

·         PEANUT PUREE

Peanut, Food, Nuts


1.       1 cup unsalted peanuts
2.       2 or 3 red chilies
3.       Small tamarind pulp
4.       Pinch of salt and hing

For seasoning:

In a pan, heat a teaspoon of oil with few mustards. After the mustard splatters, add few cumin, urad dal (split black gram) and curry leaves and set aside.


1.       Soak the tamarind pulp in water and set aside.
2.       In a pan, dry roast the peanuts and red chilies and keep aside.
3.       Blend the roasted ingredients along with the salt and hing.
4.       SautΓ© the blended paste with the extracted tamarind water from the pulp.

In a bowl add the paste with the seasoning and serve the delicious peanut puree!!

These five varieties of tasty chutneys deliver the aroma, serenity and indeed prove as the timely side dishes for the elegant main courses.

Wednesday, 5 April 2017

What's for Dinner? (Green Doesn't have to be Always Boring)- Pri

Yummy recipes Aish! Thanks for Sharing.

Today, I am sharing what we ate for dinner and the recipes. Healthy food can be interesting and tasty too. Here is the menu, with ingredients-list and the method of preparation;

Broccoli and Yam Creamy Soup:


One head of Broccoli
One medium Yam
1 small Onion
1 Green Chili
Half a teaspoon of Cumin Seeds
Few Garlic cloves
A teaspoon of Butter
Salt and Pepper
Basil or other Herbs (optional)
2 cups of water.
Half a cup of milk.


1. In a pressure cooker, add butter. Once butter melts add cumin seeds, garlic, green chili, and onion. Saute well.

      2. Then add cut Broccoli and Yam. Mix well.

      3. Add salt, pepper and herbs.

      4.  Add water and close the cooker. Wait for a few whistles and switch of the stove.

      5. Once the pressure comes down, open the lid and blend the soup in a regular mixer or use a hand mixer.

      6. Add milk and bring the soup to boil. Adjust salt and serve hot.


 * Add any vegetables of your choice.
      *  Add Barley or even lentils, for a healthier soup.

Mixed Dhal and Rice Adai


1 cup of Rice
¼ cup of Urad Dhal (Black Gram)
¼ cup Toor Dhal (Pigeon Peas)
¼ cup of Channa Dhal (Split Bengal Gram)
¼ cup of split Green Moong Dhal (Green Gram) or yellow split moong Dhal
2 Green Chillies (Or Red Chillies)
One inch Ginger
Quarter teaspoon of Hing (Asafetida)
1 -2 tablespoons shredded Coconut (Optional)


1.  Wash rice and Dhals, and soak for at least two hours.

2. Grind along with the other ingredients into a thick course batter. (Grind into a thin smooth batter if you want to make Dosa-style Adai.

3. On a skillet pour batter as desired and cook with some oil. (Thick batter needs to be cooked on medium heat for longer time on both sides.)

 4. Add vegetable toppings if desired (Carrot, Onion, Capsicum…)


* If you have less time then, grind the batter into a fine paste and make thin dosa style Adai.  It cooks very quickly unlike traditional Adai, where each Adai takes at least 5 minutes to  cook on a medium heat.
 If you want to save time grind vegetables like Carrot, Spinach and Beetroot along with the batter. Bonus- Kids won’t know they are eating veggies!

Coriander and Mint Chutney


One cup of mint leaves
Some Coriander leaves
One small tomato
One onion
One Green Chili
One Red Chili
Small piece of Ginger
A Garlic Clove
1 teaspoon Urad dal
1 teaspoon of Channna Dal
A bit of Tamarind (Optional)


 1. On a skillet, heat a tablespoon of oil, sautΓ© the ingredients over medium heat.

      2. At the end, add the greens and switch off the heat.

      3. Allow the mixture to cool, add salt and grind into a fine paste.

      4. Transfer into an air tight container for storage.


* Add tempering on the chutney to enhance the flavors. 
(Heat a teaspoon of oil, add mustard seeds, cumin seeds, whole red Chili, urad dal and Hing)
      * Squeeze a little bit of lemon/ Lime juice for a better taste.

Avocado Milk Shake


One ripe Avocado
A cup of milk (Full fat or Skim)
Some water if using full fat milk
Sugar to taste


 1.  Cut, de-seed the Avocado and put the pulp in the mixer.

      2. Add milk, water and sugar.

      3. Grind into a smoothie.


Use ripe Avocado for best taste.
* Replace sugar with Dates, Brown Sugar or Honey.

Hope you liked the recipes. Do let us know what you liked, and share your tips with us. Happy Cooking!